If you had to guess a Vietnamese person’s last name, you’ll be right almost half of the time if you say “Nguyen.” Yes, the stereotype is true, the majority of Vietnamese people have Nguyen (46%) or Tran (13%) as their last name. About 85% of Vietnamese people have one of the ten last names in the chart above; that’s about 75 million of us.
A few other things worth noting: Huynh and Hoang and Vu and Vo are essentially the same last names. It is similar to how Chan and Chen are spelt differently depending on where the person is from in China. Try saying Huynh and Hoang out loud; you can see how they might have evolved from the same name.
Without further adieu, here is the complete list of Vietnamese last names I was able to find. This is part of an important cultural history project, so please let me know if there are mistakes to fix or additions to make.
Edit: For those who are asking (looking at you, Redditors), here’s how to pronounce these last names: